About Liturgical Colors

From GIRM:

 Diversity of color in the sacred vestments has as its purpose to give more effective expression even outwardly whether to the specific character of the mysteries of faith to be celebrated or to a sense of Christian life’s passage through the course of the liturgical year.
White: light, innocence, purity, joy, triumph, glory
  • Offices and Masses during Easter Time and Christmas Time
  • Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity
  • celebrations of the Lord other than of his Passion
  • celebrations of the Blessed Virgin Mary, of the Holy Angels, and of Saints who were not Martyrs
  • Solemnities of All Saints (November 1)
  • Nativity of St. John the Baptist (June 24 )
  • Feasts of St. John the Evangelist (December 27)
  • Chair of St. Peter (February 22)
  • Conversion of St. Paul (January 25)
  • Nuptial Masses
  • Masses for the dead (Requiem Masses) in USA when the deceased is a baptized child who died before the age of reason. Silver may replace white

Red: the Passion, blood, fire, God’s Love, martyrdom

  • Palm Sunday of the Lord’s Passion
  • Friday of Holy Week (Good Friday)
  • Pentecost Sunday
  • celebrations of the Lord’s Passion
  • ‘birthday’ feast days of Apostles and Evangelists
  • celebrations of Martyr Saints.

Green: the Holy Spirit, life eternal, hope

  • Time After Epiphany
  • Time After Pentecost

Violet: penance, humility, melancholy

  • Advent
  • Septuagesima
  • Lent
  • Rogation Days
  • Ember Days (except Pentecost Ember Days)
  • Vigils except for Ascension and Pentecost
  • Good Friday
  • Also, Offices and Masses for the Dead in the USA
  • All Souls Day

Black: mourning, sorrow

  • All Souls Day
  • Masses for the dead (Requiem Masses) in USA except baptized children before the age of reason

Rose: joy

  • Gaudete Sunday (Third Sunday of Advent)
  • Laetare Sunday (Fourth Sunday of Lent)

Gold: joy

  • Gold can replace white, red, or green but not violet or black

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